The central nervous system, which consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves, is responsible for coordinating many of the body’s essential functions.
The central nervous system is involved in the movement, cognitive processes, sensory perception, and organ function. Disorders of the central nervous system, such as Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy, can significantly reduce the quality of life for affected patients.
A neurological assessment aids in the detection of central nervous system disorders and allows treating clinicians to develop effective therapies for patients living with these challenging conditions. As part of a neurological assessment, clinicians will examine a patient’s balance, muscle strength, reflexes, and responsiveness to detect abnormalities and make an appropriate diagnosis.